Article published by Glenn Scherer Under President Donald Trump’s proposed 2018 budget, Cambodia could experience a 70 percent cut in aid from the United States.For Cambodia, this would mean a combined cut of $11.7 million from the budgets of the U.S. State Department and USAID, with the latter involved in a host of projects meant to help sustain and protect the Cambodian environment and help curb and adapt to climate change.Trump’s isolationism and “America First” policies could create a political vacuum in Southeast Asia, with China stepping in to replace the U.S., with major repercussions. China has historically been less transparent and less concerned about environmental impacts in nations where its government and corporations are at work.Trump’s authoritarian and anti-environmental policies are possibly being interpreted as a green light by autocratic leaders in the developing world. Cambodia, for example, has lately stepped up dissident arrests and sought transnational corporate partnerships to build large infrastructure projects — such projects often see high levels of corruption and do major environmental harm. Supporters of U.S. President Donald Trump rally in Washington, D.C. against the Paris Climate Agreement. Trump’s drastic cuts to USAID in Cambodia and other countries, if approved by Congress, would end projects aimed at increasing carbon sequestration and decreasing deforestation, contributing to a rise in global carbon emissions. Photo by Stephen D. Melkisethian via Visualhunt“I was elected to represent the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris,” U.S. President Donald Trump declared during a speech announcing his decision to pull the United States out of the Paris Climate Agreement.In so doing, Trump sent a message to the world: that his administration — as promised during his campaign — was putting America first, and prioritizing American economic prosperity over everything, including the collective environmental preservation efforts of nearly the entire planet.But the U.S. remains — at least for now — the world’s foremost power, so the economic impacts of Trump’s policies will reverberate around the globe, affecting nations big and small, such as the burgeoning Southeast Asian nation of Cambodia.Though the six month old Trump administration has barely begun engaging Southeast Asia even on a nominal level — with Trump speaking to leaders of the Philippines, Thailand and Singapore in recent months — Cambodia is already preparing itself for the environmental ramifications of the U.S. leader’s isolationist agenda.A village meeting in Takeo Province, Cambodia. Rural populations could be hurt by deep USAID and U.S. State Department cuts, and by an influx of large infrastructure projects including dams, roads and mining operations that may be financed and implemented by China rather than the United States. Photo by Brett Matthews under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic licenseForeign aid to take a hitIn late April, Foreign Policy reported that Cambodia could experience a 70 percent cut in aid from the U.S. in 2018 as part of the Trump administration’s proposed plan to cut aid to developing countries by more than a third overall.Proposed budget cuts to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), if approved by Congress, would eliminate an estimated 30-35 field missions worldwide, while slashing the agency’s regional bureaus by roughly 65 percent, according to a 15-page State Department budget document that Foreign Policy had obtained.For Cambodia, this would mean a combined cut of $11.7 million from the budgets of the U.S. State Department and USAID, with the latter involved in a host of projects meant to help sustain the Cambodian environment.In February and March 2017, USAID Cambodia Mission Director Polly Dunford conducted a four-day site visit to Eastern Plain Landscape in Mondulkiri Province, to see how the Supporting Forests and Biodiversity project is helping Cambodians protect rich natural resources. A loss of funding could end such projects. Photo courtesy of USAID CambodiaCambodian rainforest at dawn. Though economically poor, Cambodia is rich in natural resources, forests and biodiversity. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerUSAID’s efforts in Cambodia include support for entrepreneurs who make and market non-timber forest products, as well as projects that help the Cambodian government and local communities source financial opportunities created by forest carbon sequestration and the avoidance of carbon emissions as the result of deforestation.USAID also works to strengthen Cambodian legislation and policies aimed at improving the implementation, enforcement and compliance with the country’s international environmental commitments — efforts critical to preserving forests and areas of significant biodiversity, of which Cambodia has many. The organization has worked to provide sustainable development in Cambodia’s Prey Lang Forest and has supported local community government negotiations in the Kompong Phluk commune within Siem Reap Province, to name a few examples.Cambodia has one of the world’s highest rates of deforestation, and widespread corruption has allowed an illegal logging industry to flourish. Sand dredging, illegal fishing and other harmful practices also wreak environmental havoc, and the country’s poverty makes U.S. financial assistance crucial to environmental protection.The costs to the worldSince Foreign Policy published their initial report in April, Trump’s detailed budget has been released to the public. Cambodia’s aid numbers for 2018, though slightly different than those detailed last spring, still paint the same grim picture: with aid at just a fraction of past years.While Trump’s budget could still face bipartisan opposition in Congress — as politicians on both sides of the aisle oppose the president’s proposed draconian cuts to foreign aid — experts have said that the president’s budget still sends a strong and disruptive message to the world: that the U.S. no longer cares about any other nation beyond itself.When Foreign Policy’s report was released, one government careerist publically lambasted the cuts as a death knell for positive U.S. influence abroad: “What you’re basically doing is eviscerating the most important tool of American influence in the developing world, which is our development program,” Andrew Natsios, a former USAID administrator under the Bush administration told Foreign Policy when the budget document was leaked. “I don’t think they understand what the role of USAID is, what USAID’s mission directors are. USAID’s mission directors are among the most influential foreigners in the country.”The Angkor Centre for Conservation of Biodiversity (ACCB) provides education activities in local Cambodian schools. The organization says that foreign assistance is still crucially needed to protect Cambodia’s environment. Photo courtesy of ACCBA tiger in Cambodia. The withdrawal of the majority of USAID funding from this Southeast Asian nation could do lasting harm to the country’s sustainability and climate change adaptation projects. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerWhen Mongabay reached out to USAID’s Cambodia mission, Jay Raman, a spokesman for the U.S. embassy in Phnom Penh, said that USAID would be unavailable for an interview and that the State Department was not able to comment on Trump’s proposed budget. Nor did the White House respond to requests for comment. A call to the State Department in Washington, D.C. yielded this email attributed to an anonymous “State Department official”: “The FY 2018 budget request for the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) supports the President’s commitments to make the U.S. government more efficient by streamlining efforts to ensure effectiveness of U.S. taxpayer dollars.”While the Trump administration has gone virtually silent regarding the impending impacts of its proposed aid cuts, others are more vocal, saying that the people and environment of Cambodia — both heavily reliant on foreign aid — are being put at risk.Michael Meyerhoff, Project Manager at the Angkor Centre for Conservation of Biodiversity in Siem Reap, Cambodia, told Mongabay that foreign donations remain an integral part of keeping Cambodia’s infrastructure growing and its environment safe. “Due to Cambodia’s past [history of conflict], most of the governmental infrastructure and capacities to manage the country’s natural resources effectively were not existent a few years ago,” he explained. “NGOs and funding from foreign countries have helped, and are still supporting the government in the development process with funding, but also with expertise and equipment. This process is by far not completed, and therefore foreign funding is still needed.”Looking to BeijingThe proposed U.S. foreign aid cuts to Cambodia are likely to further strain relations between the two countries. This year, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen openly criticized Washington’s demands that Cambodia pay back a debt stemming from the 1970’s. Many Cambodians feel that the U.S. claim that Cambodia owes it money is hypocritical and rests on shaky moral ground, especially because the U.S. dropped more bombs on Cambodia during the Vietnam War years than the Allies dropped during the entirety of World War II — causing extensive destruction and political instability leading to the rise of the genocidal rule of the Khmer Rouge.The ongoing disputes between Washington and Phnom Penh, have led Hun Sen to reach out to China, which he has dubbed his “most trustworthy friend.” In recent times, China has found Cambodia to be a strategic ally in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and also an important investment partner. Money flowing from Beijing is by far Cambodia’s largest source of Foreign Direct Investment. In turn, Cambodia has become China’s most vocal ASEAN colleague, going against group consensus and supporting Beijing when it comes to issues like China’s claimed dominion over the South China Sea.However, analysts say that fading U.S. influence, and China’s growing influence in Cambodia could spell trouble for the nation’s environment. Beijing in the past has shown a lack of commitment to conservation efforts, especially towards development outside its own borders. Instead, China prioritizes robust economic growth and big-ticket infrastructure projects.Former Secretary of State John Kerry gives a speech at the 9th Lower Mekong Initiative Ministerial Meeting in Vientiane, in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, last July. The LMI has been the United States’ primary environmental spearhead in Southeast Asia. It is expected to vanish under the Trump administration. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Department of State“I think probably the largest impact on Cambodia’s environment [resulting] from a shift towards China would be… the lack of transparency surrounding projects,” said Courtney Weatherby, a Research Analyst with the Southeast Asia program at the Stimson Center, an international peace and security think tank based in Washington, D.C. “One of the benefits of engaging with either Western countries, or Western investors, is that they tend to have higher standards — environmental and social standards in particular — and they have a more transparent way of operating that allows improvement through critique.“It generally appears that’s not the case with Chinese projects — although there are exceptions, and that’s important to note, and there have been improvements in recent years [concerning] the way that many Chinese investors operate. Still, across the board, they are often criticized for not meeting the same standards.”Weatherby pointed to the Lower Mekong Initiative (LMI) — a U.S.-led organization that includes Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam — as a positive force for environmental protection in Southeast Asia. Though Trump hasn’t yet publicly criticized, or tweeted his disdain for, the LMI, China is ready to step in. It has its own newly-minted organization, the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism (LMCM), that could pick up steam in the region in the absence of American money and influence.Cambodia’s forests are highly threatened by illegal logging. USAID cuts could result in China stepping in, a nation not known for its transparency or for environmental sensitivity. Photo by Rhett A. Butler“The United States and China have very different methods and goals in interacting in the region, and also will get different reactions,” she said. “The United States, despite being a major world power, is also not a neighbor for any [Southeast Asian] countries. And, to some extent, [U.S.] engagement in the region — while certainly not selfless — is not viewed as suspiciously as the engagement of China.”“[The LMI and LMCM] serve different purposes,” Weatherby added. But “when you look at the statements that are coming out from China’s LMCM, they really don’t sound all that different from what you hear from “One Belt, One Road,” or its other large infrastructure-focused activities.” The “One Belt, One Road” initiative, by most accounts, is Beijing’s attempt to economically link China to much of the rest of the world — bolstering its position as a global leader through a series of expensive Eurasian infrastructure project.The U.N.’s roleThe United Nations, which has its own environmental protection efforts underway in Cambodia under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), is another organization that Trump has spoken out against, with the President once tweeting: “The United Nations has such great potential, but right now it is just a club for people to get together, talk and have a good time. So sad!”In Cambodia, UNEP is implementing projects to help reduce the vulnerability of poor urban communities to climate change, is bolstering Cambodia’s protected area system, and is helping reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, among other initiatives.Lumber harvested illegally in Cambodia that was confiscated and stacked at a ranger station. Deforestation is rampant in Cambodia, a problem that could see less oversight by the U.S. during Trump’s tenure as president. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerJonathan Gilman, who works in Strategic Policy and Planning at U.N. Environment Asia Pacific, stressed that Cambodia’s environment and people are at risk because, like so many developing nations, though it has contributed only a small amount to carbon emissions, its poor are largely unable to protect themselves from the onslaught of escalating climate change impacts. Which is why U.N. support and foreign aid are key to helping mitigate ongoing and lasting damage.“The Cambodian people depend heavily on the environment and natural resources for their livelihoods, and environmental sustainability is critical to ensuring sustained and inclusive economic growth and social development in Cambodia,” Gilman said. “The country is highly vulnerable to increased levels of pollution, uncontrolled exploitation of its natural resources and climate change. This vulnerability is most felt by the poorest and most vulnerable.”“The U.N. will support the Royal Government of Cambodia in climate-resilient planning and in its engagement with global initiatives related to climate change,” Gilman asserted.In regards to Trump’s plan to cut aid to Cambodia, Gilman was quick to separate the U.N.’s agenda from that of the U.S. “We are not aware of any cuts, but that’s a decision for the U.S., as to which countries [they want] to prioritize and fund,” he said. “We of course welcome USAID support to [the] environment.”Indochinese lutung (Trachypithecus germaini). Cambodia, its people, forests and wildlife, are still recovering from the ravages of the Vietnam War era, when the U.S. dropped more bombs on the country than were dropped by the Allies during all of World War II. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerThreats from deregulation and big businessTrump has already begun the rollback of environmental regulations in the U.S., repeatedly pushing policies that favor business over environmental protections. While it is still too early to say, those business and industry friendly attitudes and policies could soon begin to be exported to other countries. It seems highly unlikely, for example, that U.S. foreign policy, guided by Secretary of State and ex-EXXON CEO Rex Tillerson, would ever do more than slap a developing nation on the wrist for embarking on large scale infrastructure projects that jeopardize the environment.And Cambodia, in its zealous quest to transform itself from developing to developed nation status, is full of such projects, many of which are already endangering the lives and livelihoods of those living in the countryside. For example, a new “border belt road” linking Cambodia and Vietnam, now under construction in Stung Treng Province, cuts through what is currently a trackless area of Virachey National Park. Such roads often invite exploitation of local populations and forests, with the new highways provide easy access to transnational logging, mining and agribusiness companies.In northeast Cambodia, dams on the Sesan and Srepok Rivers, tributaries to the Mekong River, will displace local communities that fish and otherwise make their livings from those waterways, with illegal logging exacerbating community disruptions. While logging within the proposed reservoir flood zones to be created by the new dams is permitted, logging under the guise of dam construction is allegedly spreading far beyond these zones.The Sambor Dam on the Mekong, which would be Cambodia’s first dam on the river, will likely also wreak havoc on the environment, destroying prime habitat for the Critically Endangered Irrawaddy dolphin, which may number as few as 150 individuals.A floating village on Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. Upstream dams are impacting the Mekong River, and with it, the lives of those who live downstream. Photo by Jialiang Gao GNU Free Documentation License 1.2 (Wikimedia)Other prioritiesIn the end, Trump’s near-complete disregard for small-ticket countries like Cambodia could create a vacuum that encourages environmental degradation, as aid dollars dry up, and as a lack of U.S. leadership and positive role modeling, combined with weak laws and poor enforcement by Cambodia, lead to environmentally destructive corporate business practices and large scale infrastructure projects, which, with their high cash flow, often invite corruption.Former U.S. President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton both pushed a more active U.S. foreign policy in the region under the “Pivot to Asia” initiative. During Obama’s tenure, the United States took a vocal stance on controversial Cambodian policies that U.S. lawmakers said infringed upon human rights, civil discourse and the environment. Members of the U.S. congress often publically expressed their disapproval of Cambodia’s dangerous political climate, and officials made efforts to encourage the Cambodian government to move forward on sustainable environmental development. By some accounts, U.S. engagement in Southeast Asia during the Obama administration was a stabilizing factor in a region rife with divisive politics.Trump has made it clear that he will jettison Obama’s interventionist approach, and will instead focus exclusively on enhancing U.S. “greatness” rather than try to influence the policies of other nations.Cambodia’s Stung Treng Province. A new “border belt road” linking Cambodia and Vietnam that would cut through the province could go through Virachey National Park, one of Cambodia’s largest protected areas. Photo: txikita69 via VisualHuntSome observers worry that this withdrawal of a U.S. moderating influence, and the move by the United States to embrace authoritarian means and anti-environmental policies, could ultimately be music to the ears of strongmen the world over, particularly in Cambodia. Already, Phnom Penh’s authoritarian government has been delighted to use the Trump administration’s attacks on the press as justification to stifle Cambodia’s own outspoken journalists.The government has “pushed further than ever before, jailing 25 political prisoners, several of whom are human rights defenders. It’s been open season in the [Cambodian] pre-election period. It’s no coincidence,” said Sophal Ear, Associate Professor of Diplomacy & World Affairs at Occidental College, Los Angeles. “The lack of interest from the White House has been devastating to human rights defenders. Plus, [President Trump,] the leader of the free world cavorts with authoritarian leaders everywhere. It’s a bad situation.“The silver lining, if one can call it that, is that Trump has not tweeted about Cambodia,” Ear added. “Either it’s not important enough to be worth a tweet or he can’t point to Cambodia on an atlas of the world.”The final decision on the USAID budget has yet to be made, but if Trump’s isolationist, America First, anti-environmental policies continue to sweep the globe, dictators and unscrupulous corporations could be encouraged to follow his lead. Then the Irrawaddy dolphin, the Mekong River, Cambodia’s forests and rural people could all find themselves in a world of hurt.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.Forest along the Prek Piphot River. Dam building and illegal logging along Cambodia’s major rivers are creating a serious conservation crisis for ecosystems and riverside communities. Loss of U.S. aid will only worsen these problems. Photo by Rhett A. Butler Adaptation To Climate Change, China And Energy, China’s Demand For Resources, Clean Energy, Climate, Climate Change, Climate Change and Dams, Climate Change Denial, Climate Change Politics, climate policy, Climate Politics, Dams, Energy, Energy Politics, Environment, Environmental Ethics, Environmental Policy, Environmental Politics, Featured, Foreign Aid, Global Environmental Crisis, Global Warming, Global Warming Mitigation, Globalization, Green, Green Energy, Illegal Logging, Mekong Dams, Rainforest Logging, Renewable Energy, Rivers, Sustainability, Sustainable Development, Traditional People, Tropical Rivers Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Partager — Zach Randolph (@MacBo50) December 28, 2019Drafté en 2001 en 19e position par les Trail Blazers de Portland, Zach Randolph a ensuite joué pour les Knicks de New York et les Clippers de Los Angeles, avant de rejoindre en 2009 les Grizzlies de Memphis, où il réussit la meilleure partie de sa carrière. Il est alors sélectionné deux fois au NBA All-Star (2010 et 2013) et joue les play-offs sept saisons d’affilée de 2011 à 2017, atteignant la finale de conférence en 2013 pour la première fois de l’histoire de la franchise.Également élu meilleure progression de l’année en 2003, Zach Randolph n’a plus foulé les parquets depuis le 19 mars 2018. Les Grizzlies ont annoncé en 2017 que son maillot serait retiré.LQ/AFP Le basketteur Zach Randolph, sélectionné deux fois au NBA All-Star dans sa carrière longue de 17 ans, a annoncé samedi qu’il prenait sa retraite.“J’ai tout donné à ce sport, et il m’a tant rendu”, a tweeté le joueur de 38 ans, qui termine sa carrière avec 18.578 points et 10 208 rebonds.One love. pic.twitter.com/aZmUTbD2eS
Crystal Palace have announced the signing of Ruben Loftus-Cheek on a season-long loan from Chelsea.The 21-year-old is the first new arrival at Selhurst Park since Frank de Boer’s appointment as manager last month.“I had the option of coming to Palace and I thought that it would be great for me,” Loftus-Cheek told Palace’s official site.“I live not too far away, I was born in Lewisham and Palace is a good club so I thought it’s a good chance to play here and be a part of the team.”The 21-year-old came through the Chelsea Academy and made his senior first-team debut in the Champions League tie against Sporting Lisbon during December 2014.Loftus-Cheek was played in a more advanced role under Antonio Conte last season, when he made 11 appearances for the Premier League champions as well as in the EFL Cup and FA Cup.However, a back injury saw his campaign come to an early end and Loftus-Cheek also missed out on the European Under-21 Championship finals with England.The midfielder is confident he can help Palace look to climb the Premier League table next season, the south London club having battled to stay up under Sam Allardyce, who decided to leave earlier in the summer.“The manager (De Boer) is looking forward to working with me, as I am with him. He wants to get to know me and the way I play, so hopefully we can have a good season together,” said Loftus-Cheek, whose half-brother Leon Cort had a spell with the Eagles and was Player of the Year in 2007.“I always remember Palace as a very strong team, they give everything (and) I would like to be a part of that this season.“I have played a number of positions over the past couple of years, but recently have been playing in a (number) 10 and front three.“But for me, it is wherever (I play), so long as I am playing, I am happy.”Loftus-Cheek intends to make the most of his opportunities at Selhurst Park.“I just hope to play a lot more games and give everything I have got,” he added. “Hopefully we can do well in the league and the cup competitions, so right now there are high hopes.” Ruben Loftus-Cheek will spend the season away from Chelsea 1
Mexico Andres Guardado: The 2018 World Cup could be my last Jon Arnold Click here to see more stories from this author @ArnoldcommaJon 02:19 1/4/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Dirk Waem Mexico World Cup Barring injury, the 31-year-old will head to his fourth World Cup this summer but it still has the excitement of his first Russia 2018 likely will mark Andres Guardado’s fourth World Cup for Mexico, but the 31-year-old said it still carries the same mystique about it as the 2006 tournament in Germany.”It still feels like my first time and it could well be my last. Most importantly, it’s my last chance to be part of a team that goes down in Mexican football history. That’s my biggest motivation,” he told FIFA’s official website.The Real Betis midfielder has high hopes for El Tri this tournament, saying in November that the team is looking for knockout round success rather than simply getting out of the round of 16. That has been a barrier for El Tri, who haven’t made the quarterfinals since the 1986 tournament. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player Guardado has seen his role on the field evolve, not only in assuming more leadership on the pitch but also in the job he’s expected to fill. Oh, and his hair also is much more constrained than it used to be.“I’ve changed quite a lot compared to that long-haired youngster, who started out on the left flank,” Guardado told FIFA’s official website. “I used to be more of a box-to-box player, who took people on and got on the end of moves. Now, I’m a central midfielder and hold my position more; I bring balance to the team.”What’s still the same, though, is my hunger, my drive to win both individually and as a team. That’s what’s kept me at the highest level.”Guardado will be a key player this summer for Mexico as one of manager Juan Carlos Osorio’s most experienced regulars. That hasn’t always been the case for Guardado, who had a brief cameo in 2006 and was frustrated with his lack of playing time from then-manager Javier Aguirre in the 2010 competition in South Africa.”Truth be told, I’ve got really bad memories of that World Cup. It was a very strange tournament for me. The coach didn’t fully trust me and I didn’t feel quite right when I played,” he said. “My most vivid memory is of that game against Uruguay, when we were battling to top the group. He started me, but then pulled me off at halftime, with no explanation whatsoever, and we ended up losing the match. We still went through, but that World Cup left a very sour taste in my mouth. I didn’t enjoy it very much.”Four years later, it was a big contrast with Miguel Herrera relying on Guardado as El Tri made it out of a group with host Brazil. Guardado scored Mexco’s second goal of a 3-1 group victory over Brazil and said it’s a memory he’ll always keep with him.”I’ve got lots of great memories of that World Cup, but if I had to single out one, it’d obviously be my goal against Croatia,” he said. “Scoring at a World Cup is special and it’ll stay with me for the rest of my life.”
Aug 31 • iPhone 11, Apple Watch 5 and more: The final rumors 11 reading • Apple, Qualcomm will bring you a 5G iPhone — just not this year 3:14 Because 5G is a new standard, certification and testing aren’t as routine as they’ve become with 4G LTE devices. There are a couple different flavors of 5G, millimeter wave and sub-6GHz, and carriers are split on which to roll out first. Verizon and AT&T are opting for millimeter wave, while T-Mobile is focusing on sub-6GHz. Apple typically starts selling its iPhones as soon as they’re unveiled, and it sells them in high volumes from the beginning.”They have to have the design completely and utterly finalized by the springtime before they ship it in the fall,” Technalysis Research analyst Bob O’Donnell said. “That means everything has been done, tested, evaluated and run through all the carriers. That process takes months.”Apple’s next iPhones likely will hit the market in September, only five months from now. That’s too late for all of the testing needed for Qualcomm’s 5G chips.Handset makers need early access to chipsUsing a modem in a phone requires close cooperation between the handset maker and the chipmaker. Modem suppliers give samples to companies as many as 18 months before the chip shows up in phones, and they often have reference designs to start testing before their phones are finalized. Typically, Android companies launch phones about eight months after receiving modem samples. Apple requires its modems earlier than Android vendors. Apple started talking to modem suppliers two years in advance of the first iPhone launch, Tony Blevins, the company’s vice president of procurement, said in a January trial. It no longer needs chips quite as early. Generally, Apple launches an iPhone about a year after it gets wireless chip samples. Share your voice • Still, Apple may be cutting it close, timing-wise, to have 5G in its fall 2020 iPhones.”We believe Apple and Qualcomm needed to start working together by April in order for Apple to launch 5G enabled smartphones for its September 2020 iPhone launch timeframe,” Canaccord Genuity analyst Mike Walkley noted.Qualcomm’s multimode 5G chip isn’t widely available until next yearThough everyone is using the same wireless technology, the carriers are employing different bands of spectrum. And the first-generation chip and antennas can’t tap into all of those frequencies at the same time.Most 5G phones available this year (except for those from Huawei) will use Qualcomm’s X50 modem. The chip only connects to 5G networks, which means handset makers also have to include a second modem for 4G, 3G and 2G in their devices. And the first phones are tied to a specific carrier. In other words, the 5G phone you buy for Verizon will work only on Verizon’s 5G network.Once Qualcomm’s upcoming X55 chip and new radios are out, a phone will be able to run on all major spectrum bands, all over the world. That means we’ll get unlocked 5G phones — if that’s what the handset makers choose. And there will be no need for a handset maker to also buy a separate 4G chip. The X55 will start showing up in devices later this year, Qualcomm said, but when it comes to X55-powered handsets, they’re more likely to hit in 2020, Qualcomm President Cristiano Amon told CNET in an interview in February at Mobile World Congress. “There are some [phone makers] who are aggressive with their launch dates,” Amon said. “We could see some X55s but most of the smartphones coming from Q2 all the way to the holiday season will be [powered by the] … X50.”Qualcomm needs time to customize modems for AppleApple designs its own application processor — the brains of the iPhone — but it relies on third-party chips like those from Qualcomm for network connectivity. All Android vendors use Qualcomm’s Snapdragon processors that integrate the modem with the application processor. That improves battery life and has other benefits. Close up with the Galaxy Fold screen, notch and hinge Apple and Qualcomm settle licensing dispute amid trial’s opening arguments Intel says it will exit 5G phone modems just hours after Apple, Qualcomm settle Apple and Qualcomm settle: Here’s what it means for your next iPhone Galaxy S10 5G, Mate X, Motorola Mod: Why you shouldn’t rush to buy a 5G phone For Apple, Qualcomm takes the modem it embeds into its Snapdragon processors, wraps a different chipset around it and includes different software and other items to make it work in iPhones. Because Apple is the only Qualcomm smartphone customer that requires a standalone modem, Qualcomm has to custom-build its chips. Qualcomm CTO James Thompson testified in a January trial that it costs the company about $250 million a year to tweak its modems for Apple. Qualcomm and Apple haven’t been talking or working together for months, which means Qualcomm likely doesn’t have a standalone modem ready for Apple.”It usually takes about 18 months to go from a dead stop” to having a modem ready for Apple, Bernstein analyst Stacy Rasgon said. Once the companies started talking settlement several weeks ago, Apple asked its suppliers to begin testing Qualcomm’s current 5G modems, Nikkei reported Tuesday.5G networks are still newEven if a modem was ready for Apple in 2019, it’s unlikely it would leap into 5G right away. The company rarely moves early on new technologies, opting to wait for bugs to be worked out first. It lagged behind Android rivals in adopting mobile payments and wireless charging, and it was at least a generation behind in adopting 3G and 4G LTE cellular capabilities. The same delay has been expected with 5G.For everyone else, 5G is in its very early days. Most vendors will launch only one 5G model early this year, and Motorola’s Moto Z3 phone with a 5G Moto Mod is the only device currently on the market in the US. Verizon is the only carrier with a live 5G wireless network, but its initial deployment has been spotty. By late 2020, those bugs will all be worked out. 5G will be in more cities, and essentially all Android flagship devices will tap into the fast network. Apple won’t be too far behind if it doesn’t have a 5G phone in 2019. But if it misses 2020, it could be devastating to its phone business. “Every major transition in mobile technology has its winners and losers,” CCS Insights analyst Geoff Blaber said. “Apple simply couldn’t afford to risk its business over a long term licensing dispute.” 60 Photos Phones Components 28 Photos Now playing: Watch this: Qualcomm: 5G Android flagship phones will storm the 2019 holidays Qualcomm wouldn’t release modems as often without Apple’s business 5G will rule on high-end phones by year’s end, ready or not Samsung Galaxy S11 5G may be slimmer, last longer thanks to Qualcomm See also Apple, Qualcomm go head-to-head — with billions at stake A 5G iPhone could launch in 2020. Getty Images Apple and Qualcomm have resolved their legal battle, likely so iPhones get 5G chips sooner. But that doesn’t mean we’ll see a 5G iPhone this year. On Tuesday, the two sides announced a surprise ending to their patent licensing battle, resolving a two-year dispute over Qualcomm’s licensing fees. Apple had accused Qualcomm of anticompetitive practices that pushed chip prices higher, restricted competition and weighed on customer choice. Qualcomm had countered by saying the iPhone wouldn’t be possible without its technology, so it should get paid for its innovation. The agreement settles all litigation between the companies worldwide. Apple also signed a multiyear chipset supply agreement with Qualcomm, gaining access once again to the company’s high-end modems. That includes Qualcomm’s 5G chips. Aug 31 • Your phone screen is gross. Here’s how to clean it Aug 31 • iPhone XR vs. iPhone 8 Plus: Which iPhone should you buy? iPhone XS, XS Max and XR: 27 tips and tricks to master Apple’s latest phones Aug 31 • Best places to sell your used electronics in 2019 Comments Qualcomm 5G 4G LTE Intel Apple Tags See All Apple See also After years of work on 5G networks, hyped as the life-changing foundation for augmented reality, telemedicine and other tech trends, the super-fast wireless technology is being rolled out. Carriers are turning on their networks, and virtually every major Android handset maker has touted plans to launch a 5G device this year. Apple hasn’t.The company had been working with Intel on 5G chips, but the chipmaker had problems developing the product. A few hours after Apple and Qualcomm announced their settlement Tuesday, Intel said it’s exiting the 5G smartphone modem business. Intel’s struggle with 5G is likely what brought Apple to the bargaining table with Qualcomm. Apple didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. Qualcomm CEO Steve Mollenkopf, during an interview with CNBC, declined to say when a 5G modem could show up in the iPhone. “We won’t talk about Apple’s product plans,” he said. “There’s obviously the beginning ramp of 5G broadly.”Even though Apple and Qualcomm are working together again, iPhones won’t immediately roll out with 5G. At the earliest, Apple may be able to introduce a 5G device in 2020.Here’s why:Modems are complexPutting a modem in a phone isn’t as simple as just buying the component. And a phone needs more than a modem to connect to a cellular network. Phone designers need access to software from the modem maker, and a phone also requires radio frequency chips and other components that take up space in the device. The size and capabilities of the modem can dictate aspects of the iPhone’s design itself. Phone makers also need to be able to test the modems in their devices before they go into mass production. Carriers require time to certify the phones to ensure they work properly on their networks and provide the promised upload and download speeds.