On Tuesday, Brazil and Germany kick off the World Cup semifinals, where there are no real party-crashers to be found. Including A Seleção and Die Mannschaft, four of the top five teams in the pre-Cup Elo ratings are still active in the tournament. Sorry, Spain.Brazil vs. Germany: 4 p.m. EDTIn BriefWith such evenly matched squads — and the ever-present specter of randomness — barring a huge blowout, the final four games of the World Cup are unlikely to provide much of a referendum on which side is truly the world’s best. But at the same time, the absence of a longshot entry boosts the chances that one of the remaining four teams is in fact the “true” best team in the field. More important, it also increases the odds that we’ll see a pair of exciting, close matches at the doorstep of the World Cup final.IN DEPTHBrazil was the World Cup favorite before the tournament began, and its championship chances still rank first according to the FiveThirtyEight model. Our official projections even say there’s a 73 percent probability that Brazil will beat Germany Tuesday and advance to the final. But those numbers don’t know that the gifted Brazilian striker Neymar will miss the rest of the tournament with a broken vertebra, an injury he sustained against Colombia in the quarterfinals. If we account for his absence (and that of his teammate Thiago Silva, who racked up two yellow cards and must sit out Tuesday’s match), Brazil’s chances of beating Germany drop to somewhere near 65 percent, numbers fueled in large part simply by the match’s location on Brazilian soil.To put it another way: If this game were staged at a neutral site, it would probably be close to a toss-up between Germany and Brazil-sans-Neymar-and-Silva.To a certain extent, that’s because Brazil has been far from dominant during its run to the semis. First, Mexico played it to a draw in the group phase, then it squeaked by Chile (on penalties) and Colombia in its knockout matches. Over the past month, the gap between Brazil’s Soccer Power Index (SPI) rating and that of second-ranked Argentina has been nearly sliced in half, despite the Argentines playing largely to expectation. That Brazil is still rated first in SPI owes as much to our prior beliefs about its strength as to anything it’s actually accomplished in the tournament.And Germany is a force to be reckoned with. While they haven’t consistently overwhelmed opponents with their ballyhooed offensive prowess (aside from netting six goals in their first two matches — including four against Portugal), the Germans have answered many of the defensive questions that surrounded them before the tournament began, keeping clean sheets against Portugal, the United States and France. And they’ll need to be staunch at that end of the pitch against a Brazilian team that still has plenty of firepower, even without Neymar.One major tactical storyline to keep an eye on will be the philosophical chess between the pass-heavy, possession-focused Germans and a Brazilian side still keenly interested in dribbling through the defense. Among semifinalist teams, only Argentina has maintained ball possession more often than Germany, and nobody makes more short passes per game than the Germans. Germany’s approach is to patiently work the ball into the opponent’s territory, passing it around until its players can create a high-percentage scoring opportunity. Brazil, on the other hand, loves to dribble the ball and create chances by taking on defenders in one-on-one situations.A compelling wrinkle will be how this changes without Neymar, Brazil’s most active dribbler. It’s likely that Hulk and Oscar will be asked to pick up some of the slack, but it will be interesting to see how Brazil adjusts its overall style in the absence of its most prolific offensive playmaker.On balance, Brazil should still be favored — if only because of home-field advantage. In close matches like this, officiating can play a sizable role, and there’s a good amount of research suggesting home teams get favorable treatment from the referees (perhaps more so in soccer than in other sports). In terms of ability, though, these two teams are very close to evenly matched.OFF THE PITCHBrazil and Germany have had good off-the-pitch relations for decades, particularly in the economic sphere. The Observatory of Economic Complexity has information on trade between the two countries that dates back to 1962, and shows that the two nations have been exchanging mostly the same stuff the whole time. Coffee, iron and soybeans were among the top Brazilian exports to Germany both in 1962 and in 2012.Similarly, machinery remains the top category of German exports to Brazil, although the specific products have changed over time. Metalworking and textile machinery reigned supreme in 1962, while cars and car parts took the largest shares of exports in 2012.But what’s most notable is how much these countries’ bilateral trade has grown. In 1962, Brazilian exports to Germany totaled $173 million and German exports to Brazil totaled $161 million. Trade in both directions surpassed the $1 billion mark in the 1970s, and was up to $11 billion in both directions in 2010, when both countries agreed to further strengthen their economic ties. Exports headed toward Germany have nearly doubled since, with $20 billion worth flowing out of Brazil in 2012. But it looks like Germany got the sweeter end of the deal, with Brazil buying $28 billion of its products the same year.FURTHER READINGIt’s a Huge Upset When All the World Cup Favorites WinHow Neymar’s Injury Affects Brazil’s Chances at the World Cup
Related Items:#magneticmedianews, bahamas, umemployment Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Hurricane Jose Not A Threat to The Bahamas, For Now Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppBahamas, July 25, 2017 – Nassau – The Bahamas Department of Labour has completed a series of training sessions in preparation for the launch of the upgrade to its local Skills Bank and Recruitment portal. The software was first introduced in 2006, however an update and re-launch of this integral tool in the Department’s recruitment process has occurred and plans to launch to the general public is underway.The Bahamas Department of Labour continues to respond to the national concern of unemployment by providing access for job seekers and employers alike through this online data portal that will populate data and accordingly match candidates for suitable and available job opportunities. The upgrade is a component of the Ministry of National Security’s “Citizen Security and Justice” Initiative facilitated by a loan from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).Mr. A. Robert Farquharson, Director of Labour explained that the PCRecruiter portal provides the convenience for any job seeker or employer to log in to the portal anytime and from any location. Although, he continued, persons who need assistance or may not have access to get online are welcome to stop into any of the Department’s sub offices and sit with an employee of the Public Employment Services (PES) Unit who would be pleased to assist them with registration and navigation through the portal. He emphasized the Department’s commitment to placing Bahamian job seekers in roles they qualify for and desire and assisting employers in matching their job availabilities with the right employees.Director Farquharson continued that, “The effectiveness of the system is hinged on the registration of job seekers as well as the registration of employers with job opportunities they wish to fill. The inventory of available jobs will be easily accessible once employers enter their job vacancies in the skills bank. The process for employers requires them signing in and editing their registration information; if they have already enrolled in the Skills Bank. For employers across The Bahamas who have not yet registered, they are all encouraged to do so once the portal goes live. They will be able to create or edit job vacancies, view interviews from job seekers or browse the database of job seekers.”“Job seekers must also register in the online skills bank and thereafter will be able to view job vacancies, post a resume, enquire about jobs and update their account and resume information periodically. Also, there are no fees associated with the use of this service”, stated Mr. Farquharson.Mrs. Patrenda D. Russell-Brice, Deputy Director of Labour stated that “the Department also welcomes employed individuals wanting to explore their options.” They are encouraged to register their skills and qualifications into the skills database system. Similarly, students or citizens residing abroad who are desirous of returning home and wish to secure employment options in advance are encouraged to register.She further commented that she is excited to advise that “high schools and other local institutions of higher education, such as the University of The Bahamas, can look forward to teams from the Department’s Public Employment Services Unit scheduling tours and visits to their campuses in order to encourage students preparing to enter the work force to register with the skills bank.”Bahamians living abroad who are considering returning home and wish to begin seeking employment locally are encouraged to register on the portal as well. The recruitment portal will be available through The Bahamas Government website’s Department of Labour page.The date of an official launch to the general public will be announced shortly.Job seekers and employers may visit any Department of Labour sub-office in New Providence or the Family Islands. New Providence locations include Rosetta Street, Robinson Road and Carmichael Road. Family Island locations include Grand Bahama, Eleuthera, Abaco, Exuma, Andros and Bimini. Bi-lateral talks with Bahamas to resume, UK gives green light to high-level TCI delegation Bahamian music legend gunned down at home in Turks and Caicos Recommended for you
Kolkata: Ahead of higher secondary examination, the West Bengal Board on Saturday warned the students of stern punitive action if they are found carrying smartphones during the examination.The West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education president Mahua Das, while addressing a media conference, said that stringent action, including cancellation of registration, would be taken against students if any cell phone is found in their possession in the examination hall. The new move has been initiated after question papers of the Madhyamik exam were leaked, most of all the seven papers. The HS examination will begin on February 26 and continue until March 13. Around 8,16,243 candidates will take the examination. Interestingly, the number of female candidates taking the examination is higher than their male counterparts by 63,413. The class XI examination on the basis of the new syllabus will also be conducted simultaneously during the same period. Das added that there will be computer-generated numbers on each packet containing the question papers which will help the Council to track them. In addition to that, there will be a more effective manual tracking system in place. There will be around 713 HS examination centres across the state while the number of venue stands at 2,117. According to the press statement issued by the president, there will be a deployment of two Council nominees at each main venue. Apart from the venue supervisor, centre-in-charge and centre secretary, none will be allowed to enter the venue with mobile phones. The security arrangement has also been enhanced. The process of capturing video inside all the venues which was started from last year will also be done this year. A District Magistrate-nominated representative will be the venue-in-charge and supervise the examination procedure. For the first time, the WBCHSE has decided to deploy special Council nominee at 250 sensitive venues.
Center for the Governance of AI, housed within the University of Oxford, released a report yesterday, titled “Artificial Intelligence: American Attitudes and Trends” based on the findings from a nationally representative survey that they conducted using the survey firm YouGov. The report talks about the results from the survey that provides an insight into the American public’s attitudes and opinion toward AI as well as AI governance. Let’s have a look at some of the major highlights from the report. Key highlights Majority of the Americans support than oppose AI development The report states that Americans express mixed support towards AI development, with the majority of them supporting the development than opposing it. The survey results showed that a substantial 41% of the American respondents strongly support the development of AI and a smaller minority (22%) strongly opposes its development. About 28% of the respondents expressed a neutral attitude towards AI development and 10% stated that they do not know. Artificial Intelligence: American Attitudes and Trends Support for AI development varies between gender, race, experience, and education The report states that support of the American public towards AI development is greater among wealthy, educated, male, or those with experience in technology. The Center for the governance of AI performed a multiple linear regression to predict the support of the American public. As per the survey results, a majority of the respondents belonging to the following four subgroups expressed support towards AI development: The ones with four-year college degrees (57%) The ones with an annual household income above $100,000 (59%) Those who have graduated with a computer science or engineering degree (56%) Those with experience in computer science or programming (58%). On the other hand, women (35%), those with a high school degree or less (29%), and the ones with an annual household income below $30,000 (33%) showed less enthusiasm towards AI development. A large majority of Americans want more careful management of AI and robots The report states that a majority of the American public (more than eight in 10) want AI and robot to be carefully managed, while only 6% disagrees. Center for the governance of AI replicated a question from the 2017 Special Eurobarometer, to compare Americans’ attitudes with those of EU residents. They found out that the 82% of those in the U.S want more careful management of robots and AI, which is not quite far from the EU average, where 88% of the public supports the same notion. Similarly, 6% of Americans don’t support the notion which is quite close to the EU average where 7% disagreed. The report states that a large percentage of respondents in the survey selected the “don’t know” option. Americans consider many AI governance challenges to be important The report states that a majority of the Americans consider AI governance challenges such as prioritizing data privacy and preventing AI-enhanced digital manipulation, etc, of high importance. Respondents of the survey were asked to randomly consider five AI governance challenges out of the given 13. As per the survey results, the AI governance challenges that Americans think most impactful and important for tech companies to tackle include data privacy and AI-enhanced cyber attacks, and surveillance. Artificial Intelligence: American Attitudes and Trends On the other hand, the challenges that are considered on average 7% less likely to be impactful by the Americans include autonomous vehicles, value alignment, bias in using AI for hiring, the U.S.-China arms race, disease diagnosis, and technological unemployment. At last, challenges that are perceived as even more less likely to be impactful includes criminal justice bias and critical AI systems failures. Artificial Intelligence: American Attitudes and Trends Americans see the potential for U.S. China cooperation on certain AI governance challenges As a part of the survey, all the American respondents were assigned three out of five AI governance challenges, on which they see US-China co-operation. The five challenges included: AI cyber attacks against governments, individuals, and organizations. AI-assisted surveillance violates privacy and civil liberties. AI systems that are safe, trustworthy, and aligned with human values. Banning lethal autonomous weapons. Guarantee of a good standard of living for people who are at risk of losing their jobs to automation. The survey results showed that China cooperation on value alignment is perceived to be the most likely (48% mean likelihood) and cooperation to prevent AI-assisted surveillance being the least likely (40% mean likelihood). “In the future, we plan to survey Chinese respondents to understand how they view U.S.-China cooperation on AI and what governance issues they think the two countries could collaborate on”, states the report. Americans don’t think labor market disruptions will increase with time As a part of the survey, respondents were asked to select one out of four conditions based on the likelihood of AI and automation creating more jobs than eliminating over the future time frames of 10 years, 20 years, and 50 years. The survey results showed that on average, American public disagrees with the statement “automation and AI will create more jobs than they will eliminate” more than they agree with it. Also, about a quarter of respondents gave “don’t know” responses. However, respondents’ agreement with the statement increased slightly with the future time frame. Artificial Intelligence: American Attitudes and Trends Americans trust the U.S. military, universities, tech firms, and non-gov organizations the most to build AI The report states that Americans put more trust in tech companies and non-governmental organizations than in governments for the development and use of AI. As a part of the survey, respondents were randomly assigned five actors out of 15 that are not well-known to the public such as NATO, CERN, and OpenAI. Respondents were also asked how much confidence they have in each of these actors to build AI and were again randomly assigned five out of 15 actors. As per the results of the survey, Americans consider university researchers and the U.S. military as the most trusted groups to develop AI. Half of the Americans responded with a “great deal” or “fair amount” of confidence for this group. Americans expressed slightly less confidence when it came to tech companies, non-profit organizations, and American intelligence organizations. In general, the American public finds more confidence in non-governmental organizations as opposed to the governmental ones. Artificial Intelligence: American Attitudes and Trends 41% of the American population expressed a “great deal” or even a “fair amount” of confidence in “tech companies,” as compared to the 26% who feel that way about the U.S. federal government. American Public has more trust in intergovernmental research organizations CERN), the Partnership on AI, and non-governmental scientific organizations (e.g., AAAI). Moreover, about one in five respondents in a survey selected a “don’t know” response. The surveys were conducted between June 6 and 14, 2018, where a total of 2,000 American adults (18+) completed the survey. The analysis of the survey was pre-registered on the Open Science Framework. “Supported by a grant from the Ethics and Governance of AI Fund, we intend to conduct more extensive and intensive surveys in the coming years, including of residents in Europe, China, and other countries”, states the report. Read Next AI Now Institute releases Current State of AI 2018 Report IEEE Computer Society predicts top ten tech trends for 2019: assisted transportation, chatbots, and deep learning accelerators among others Troll Patrol Report: Amnesty International and Element AI use machine learning to understand online abuse against women